(Photo Credit: AFP)
Civilian deaths and injuries decreased by 54 percent during Yemen’s six-month ceasefire in 2022, according to a report released by the International Organization for Migration (IOM), but the cease-fire has now ended and the number of displaced people has increased to over two million over the course of the eight-year war.
2,302,346 people are reportedly internally displaced in Yemen, with Maarib governorate witnessing the highest rates of movement in 2022, according to IOM data.
Despite the fact that the UN-mediated cease-fire between the Saudi-led coalition and the Yemeni government did reduce violence and displacement compared to previous years, the IOM stated that humanitarian needs are now higher than ever in the war-torn nation because of the conflict and extreme weather conditions, such as flooding.
Following the ceasefire in 2022, “there were no significant escalations, but humanitarian needs persisted across the nation.. Gaps in the humanitarian response continue, particularly in the delivery of essential health services, protection support, and shelter/non-food item assistance,” the UNHCR reported.
The UN-brokered ceasefire between Yemen and the Saudi-led coalition expired on 2 October, 2022. At the time, officials warned that the agreement was at a “dead end” due to the reluctance of Riyadh and its allies to lift the blockade on the country and alleviate the severe humanitarian crisis.
Last May, the president of Yemen’s Supreme Political Council, Mahdi al-Mashat, weighed in on the effects of the UN-brokered truce and the future position of Yemen.
According to the Yemeni president, the truce has resulted in very little alleviation of the suffering of the Yemeni people.
“The citizen did not feel a difference between truce and non-truce, which is not encouraging enough. We are not against extending the truce, but what is not possible is accepting any truce in which the suffering of Yemeni people continues,” Al-Mashat said.
Saudi Arabia consistently violated the UN-brokered ceasefire agreement which started on 2 April. The violations consist of shelling residential communities, the seizure of oil tankers approved by the UN, and the launch of hundreds of illegal spy plane missions over Yemeni airspace.
Since the start of the ceasefire, Riyadh’s coalition has been accused of plundering $919.6 million worth of Yemen’s crude oil and natural gas revenues.
The war-torn country continues to experience one of the worst humanitarian crises as a result of the Saudi-led war and its economic blockade on Yemen.