(Photo Credit: Iraqi Prime Minister’s office)
According to a Reuters report, the governments of Iran and Iraq signed a border security agreement on 19 March, reportedly aimed at bolstering security initiatives around Iraq’s Kurdistan Region (IKR), as Tehran claims that Kurdish separatist groups pose a threat to its national security.
Iraqi Prime Minister Mohammed Shia al-Sudani affirmed to Iran’s head Secretary of the Supreme National Security Council, Ali Shamkhani, that the agreement will ensure the protection of Iran and Iraq’s shared border, as well as encourage security cooperation in “several security fields.”
Shamkhani signed the security agreement with Iraq’s National Security Advisor Qasim al-Araji, in the presence of the Iraqi prime minister. Araji stressed that Baghdad would work to prevent any future cross-border attacks from Kurdish militants against Iran.
Tensions between Kurdish militants and Tehran increased following the start of the nationwide protests in Iran in September 2022, instigated by the death of Mahsa Amini.
These Iraqi separatist groups launched sabotage operations in Iran to take advantage of the nation’s insecurity by funneling weapons to extremists.
Last month, Kurdish groups based in northern Iraq were reportedly involved in the recent attack on a military complex in Iran’s central Isfahan province, according to official Iranian sources.
The armed groups reportedly helped smuggle the drones and explosives used to attack a ministry of defense weapons workshop in Isfahan on 29 January, smuggling them via “inaccessible routes in the northwest” and delivering them to agents on the border with Iraq.
According to a Wall Street Journal (WSJ) report, this attack was linked to Israel’s Mossad being the latest in a long string of sabotage attempts, assassinations, and drone strikes by Israel against Iran.
According to an exclusive by The Cradle, Iraqi officials disclosed that the IKR capital Erbil serves as a hub for foreign agencies, such as the Mossad and the CIA, to spy and launch sabotage operations against the Islamic Republic of Iran.